Cultural neuroscience is an interdisciplinary science that studies neurobiological mechanisms with respect to cultural values, practices, and beliefs. Combining theories of various disciplines such as anthropology, cultural psychology, neuroscience, genetics, and neuro-genetics, cultural neuroscience is premised upon the assumption that culture provides a framework for social behaviors and relationships that forms social values and norms and changes cerebral functions in interaction with biological variables such as genes. This discipline seeks to neurologically justify psychological and behavioral differences between human cultures. Since it takes nearly 20 years for a large part of the brain to mature, it can be stated that culture undeniably affects the neural underpinnings of human cognition and behavior. From birth, Humans live in a complex social environment that encompasses other human beings, laws, and social beliefs. Therefore, social interactions may shape the human brain to become consistent with the needs of society. The ultimate goal of cultural neuroscience is to find culture-dependent and culture-independent neural processes that guide human perception of the world, their relation to others, and their functions.