The mechanism of the brain-body interaction has always raised a big question mark in the mind of researchers. Based on great advances in the field of neuroscience and computer science, this area of research has led to the development of a tool that can increase the quality of this interaction. Biofeedback is a method of making changes in each of the target biological organs. The most common type of biofeedback is neuro-feedback, utilized to train the central nervous system (CNS). Heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback is another type of biofeedback. HRV biofeedback allows one to change the functions of their hearts and CNS through a specific breathing rhythm. In this method, after obtaining a patient’s resonance frequency by implementing different respiratory patterns, it is possible to learn how to perform the intended method during the intervention. Since the heart is controlled by the cranial nerves, the repetition of a specific respiratory rhythm makes changes to the vagus nerve. As the tenth and largest cerebral nerve, the vagus nerve applies the parasympathetic effects of the autonomic nervous system on the internal organs of the body. It seems interesting to be able to affect the body through a noninvasive and non-pharmacological method.
Biofeedback is a potential treatment for psychosomatic disorders, and its therapeutic applications are being studied on disorders such as hypertension, asthma, and tension headaches. Moreover, neuro-feedback can be an ideal research tool for psychology students and psychiatrists who are taking psychosomatic medicine fellowship courses.
Facilities of Atieh Laboratory:
Atieh is equipped with a Pro Comp-biofeedback device that allows researchers to perform all kinds of biofeedback.